Operation Orchard: Israel’s strike on the Syrian reactor

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia:

Operation Orchard[2][3] (Hebrew: מבצע בוסתן‎, Mivtza bustan) was an Israeli airstrike on a suspected nuclear reactor[4] in the Deir ez-Zor region[5] of Syria, which occurred just after midnight (local time) on September 6, 2007.

The Israeli and U.S. governments imposed virtually total news blackouts immediately after the raid that held for seven months.[6] The White House and Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) subsequently confirmed that American intelligence had also indicated the site was a nuclear facility with a military purpose, though Syria denies this.[7][8] A 2009 International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) investigation reported evidence of uranium and graphite and concluded that the site bore features resembling an undeclared nuclear reactor. IAEA was initially unable to confirm or deny the nature of the site because, according to IAEA, Syria failed to provide necessary cooperation with the IAEA investigation.[9][10] Syria has disputed these claims.[11]

Nearly four years later, in April 2011, the IAEA officially confirmed that the site was a nuclear reactor.[4] The Israeli attack followed top-level consultations with the Bush Administration.

After realizing that the US was not willing to take its own military action, Prime Minister Ehud Olmert decided to adhere to the 1981 Begin Doctrine and unilaterally strike to prevent a Syrian nuclear weapons capability, despite serious concerns about Syrian retaliation. In stark contrast to the doctrine’s prior usage against Iraq, the airstrike against Syria did not elicit international outcry. A main reason is that Israel maintained total and complete silence regarding the attack, and Syria covered up its activities at the site and did not cooperate fully with the IAEA.

The international silence may have been a tacit recognition of the inevitability of preemptive attacks on “clandestine nuclear programs in their early stages.” If true, the Begin Doctrine has undoubtedly played a role in shaping this global perception.[12] According to later news reports, the raid was carried out by Israeli Air Force (IAF) 69 Squadron F-15Is,[13] F-16Is, and an ELINT aircraft; as many as eight aircraft participated and at least four of these crossed into Syrian airspace.[14]

The fighters were equipped with AGM-65 Maverick missiles, 500 lb bombs, and external fuel tanks.[2][15] One report stated that a team of elite Israeli Shaldag special-forces commandos arrived at the site the day before so that they could highlight the target with laser designators,[13] while a later report identified Sayeret Matkal special-forces commandos as involved.[16]

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One Comment on “Operation Orchard: Israel’s strike on the Syrian reactor”

  1. wingate Says:

    The USA tried to free the hostages inTeheran – the mission tragically failed..

    Again and again Israel is able to carry out
    missions no one thought its possible..

    One reason is of course the total commitment of the jewish soldiers – they know that the future of the nation of Israel is in their hands !
    The first war Israel would lose would be Israels last war…

    BUT – I think its obvious that the God of Israel
    is very much part of the victorious battles !

    Looking at Israels history – we have to admit and be grateful that HE made way trough the sea again and again and again….

    HE is almighty – HE is in charge – HE watches over his firstborn Israel 24/365….

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